Journal Articles: 1998-1996

Journal Article
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J. B. Losos and L.-R. Chu. 1998. “Examination of factors affecting dewlap size in Caribbean anoles.” Copeia, 1998: 430-438.
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M. Leal, J.A. Rodríguez-Robles, and J. B. Losos. 1998. “An experimental study of interspecific interactions between two Puerto Rican Anolis lizards.” Oecologia, 117: 273-278.
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K. de Queiroz, L.-R. Chu, and J. B. Losos. 1998. “A second Anolis lizard in Dominican amber and the systematics and ecological morphology of Dominican amber anoles.” American Museum of Natural History Novitates, 3249: 1-23.
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J. B. Losos, T. R. Jackman, A. Larson, K. Queiroz, and L. Rodriguez-Schettino. 1998. “Contingency and determinism in replicated adaptive radiations of island lizards.” Science, 279: 2115-8. Abstract

The vagaries of history lead to the prediction that repeated instances of evolutionary diversification will lead to disparate outcomes even if starting conditions are similar. We tested this proposition by examining the evolutionary radiation of Anolis lizards on the four islands of the Greater Antilles. Morphometric analyses indicate that the same set of habitat specialists, termed ecomorphs, occurs on all four islands. Although these similar assemblages could result from a single evolutionary origin of each ecomorph, followed by dispersal or vicariance, phylogenetic analysis indicates that the ecomorphs originated independently on each island. Thus, adaptive radiation in similar environments can overcome historical contingencies to produce strikingly similar evolutionary outcomes.

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D. A. Spiller, J. B. Losos, and T. W. Schoener. 1998. “Impact of a catastrophic hurricane on island populations.” Science, 281: 695-7. Abstract

Lizard and spider populations were censused immediately before and after Hurricane Lili on islands differentially affected by the storm surge. The results support three general propositions. First, the larger organisms, lizards, are more resistant to the immediate impact of moderate disturbance, whereas the more prolific spiders recover faster. Second, extinction risk is related to population size when disturbance is moderate but not when it is catastrophic. Third, after catastrophic disturbance, the recovery rate among different types of organisms is related to dispersal ability. The absence of the poorer dispersers, lizards, from many suitable islands is probably the result of long-lasting effects of catastrophes.

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J. B. Losos, KI Warheit, and T. W. Schoener. 1997. “Adaptive differentiation following experimental island colonization in Anolis lizards.” Nature, 387: 70-73.
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J. A. Stamps, J. B. Losos, and R.M. Andrews. 1997. “A comparative study of population density and sexual size dimorphism in lizards.” American Naturalist, 149: 64-90.
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D.L. Irschick, L.J. Vitt, P.A. Zani, and J. B. Losos. 1997. “A comparison of evolutionary radiations in mainland and West Indian Anolis lizards.” Ecology, 78: 2191-2203.
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D. Glossip and J. B. Losos. 1997. “Ecological correlates of number of subdigital lamellae in anoles.” Herpetologica, 53: 192-199.
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J. B. Losos and K. de Queiroz. 1997. “Evolutionary consequences of ecological release in Caribbean Anolis lizards.” Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 61: 459-483.
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K. Autumn and J. B. Losos. 1997. “Notes on jumping ability and thermal biology of the enigmatic anole Chamaelinorops barbouri.” Journal of Herpetology, 31: 442-444.
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D. J. Irschick, C.C. Austin, K. Petren, R.N. Fisher, J. B. Losos, and O. Ellers. 1996. “A comparative analysis of clinging ability among pad-bearing lizards.” Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 59: 21-35.
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J. B. Losos. 1996. “Dynamics of range expansion by three introduced species of Anolis lizards on Bermuda.” Journal of Herpetology, 30: 204-210.
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J. B. Losos. 1996. “Ecological and evolutionary determinants of the species-area relation in Caribbean anoline lizards.” Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, B, 351: 847-854.
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J. B. Losos and D. J. Irschick. 1996. “The effect of perch diameter on escape behaviour of Anolis lizards; Laboratory-based predictions and field tests.” Animal Behaviour, 51: 593-602.
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J. B. Losos. 1996. “Phylogenetic perspectives on community ecology.” Ecology, 77: 1344-1354.
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